October 2022 Economic Update

Until the Job is Done

Containing inflation is currently the top priority for the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) and recent data continues to reflect price levels that are well above the FOMC’s comfort zone. While the Consumer Price Index (CPI) may have shown some signs of cooling in July, recent releases showed price pressures heating back up with core CPI reaching a 40-year high of 6.6% in September. Drivers of inflation have been broad-based as both headline and core measures have surpassed expectations.

Following the August CPI release, the FOMC felt compelled to strongly reaffirm its commitment to fighting inflation. Voting unanimously, the FOMC raised its target policy rate range up 75 basis points to a new target range of 3.00% to 3.25%. Alongside this jumbo-sized rate increase, Chair Powell continued his efforts to bolster the FOMC’s inflation-fighting credibility with a forceful and repeated commitment to “keep at it until the job is done.”

Meanwhile, the labor market continues to prove resilient.  In September, nonfarm payrolls remained solid with an increase of 263K as the unemployment rate declined to 3.5%, matching a 50-year low. Moreover, wage pressures remain as the labor force participation rate declined to 62.3% and average hourly earnings upheld an elevated level of 5%. While typically a welcome sign, the current strength of the labor market complicates the Fed’s efforts to tighten financial conditions.

As inflation remains elevated and the labor market maintains its strength, the FOMC still has more work to do. The median dots from the FOMC’s most recent projections point to another 150 basis points of rate increases by the end of 2023 resulting in a terminal rate range of up to 4.75%. Although the FOMC is well aware of the risks that an overly restrictive policy poses to the labor market and economic growth, Chair Powell has pointed out there is no “painless” way to do this. As the FOMC continues to monitor the implications of incoming data and assess the appropriate path for monetary policy, challenges await in the management of the tradeoffs between growth, inflation, and any pain that may follow.

Current Economic Releases
Data Period Value
GDP QoQ Q2 ’22 -0.60%
US Unemployment Sep ’22 3.50%
ISM Manufacturing Sep ’22 50.9
PPI YoY Sep ’22 11.50%
CPI YoY Sep ’22 8.20%
Fed Funds Target Oct 13, 2022 3.00% – 3.25%
Treasury Yields
Maturity 10/12/22 9/12/22 CHANGE
3-Month 3.535% 3.098% 0.438%
6-Month 4.150% 3.548% 0.602%
1-Year 4.229% 3.631% 0.598%
2-Year 4.291% 3.571% 0.720%
3-Year 4.309% 3.610% 0.699%
5-Year 4.118% 3.449% 0.668%
10-Year 3.896% 3.358% 0.538%
30-Year 3.874% 3.512% 0.362%
Agency Yields 
Maturity 10/12/22 9/12/22 CHANGE
3-Month 3.937% 3.323% 0.615%
6-Month 4.094% 3.451% 0.643%
1-Year 4.373% 3.678% 0.696%
2-Year 4.405% 3.663% 0.742%
3-Year 4.354% 3.635% 0.719%
5-Year 4.264% 3.580% 0.684%
Commercial Paper (A1/P1)  
Maturity 10/12/22 9/12/22 CHANGE
1-Month 3.130% 2.760% 0.370%
3-Month 3.980% 3.210% 0.770%
6-Month 4.590% 3.800% 0.790%
9-Month 4.830% 4.060% 0.770%

Source: Bloomberg. Data unaudited. Information is obtained from third party sources that may or may not be verified. Many factors affect performance including changes in market conditions and interest rates and in response to other economic, political, or financial developments. All comments and discussions presented are purely based on opinion and assumptions, not fact. These assumptions may or may not be correct based on foreseen and unforeseen events. The information presented should not be used in making any investment decisions. This material is not a recommendation to buy, sell, implement, or change any securities or investment strategy, function, or process. Any financial and/or investment decision should be made only after considerable research, consideration, and involvement with an experienced professional engaged for the specific purpose. Past performance is not an indication of future performance. Any financial and/or investment decision may incur losses.